Glossary

Sources

Paola Carucci, Le fonti archivistiche: ordinamento e conservazione, Roma, 1983.
Glossary of words related to general rules, in ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description, traduzione italiana pubblicata in «Rassegna degli Archivi di Stato», LXIII (2003), 1.
Lorenzo Caratti di Valtrei, Genealogy Textbook: profiles, sources and methods. Roma, 2004.

 

A B C D E F G H I K L M O P R S T V W
There are 9 names in this directory beginning with the letter D.
Degree
Unit for measuring the genealogical distance between two people, calculated based on the number of intermediate generations, used to calculate the kinship and affinity relationship.
Deposit
1. Act by which public bodies transfer, when they do not want or can’t directly provide for the preservation of their historical archive, their files to the competent State Archive. The institution remains the owner of the archive and may regain possession of it in the future. Single individuals can also deposit their files at the State Archives or other institutions. 2. Building in which an institution keeps the files that are no longer part of current records.
Descendants
Persons that descend from a single individual.
Digest
Alphabetic index of the Parish certificates.
Diplomatic
A set of the oldest public and private documents of an archive, in most cases written on parchment. Those documents are generally separated from the documents written on paper.
District
Set of municipalities. The districts, as an administrative division of a provincial circumscription, were abolished in 1927.
Document
Written testimony of a fact of legal nature, compiled in accordance with certain manners that give the public document public trust and the status of evidence. Archival science tends to include under the document statement all the files of which an archive is composed, even if they are informal documents, private letters, printed documents, photographs, and so on.
Draft card
Document that summarizes for each recruit the matriculation number, personal data (mother, father, height, physical traits, occupation, alphabetization, place of birth) and his military records (promotions, special services, campaigns of war, honorary mentions, medals, praises) until his discharge. At the State Archives the documents (sheets and draft cards) mostly concern privates and non-commissioned officers.
Draft dodger
A male citizen who does not show up to the recruitment office when called for military duty. Avoiding the military service was considered a criminal offense and therefore noted on the recruitment registers. The offense prescribes after five years from the acquittal by age since the Presidential Decree no. 237 of February 14, 1964. The prescription of the crime is also noted on the registers.