Glossary

Sources

Paola Carucci, Le fonti archivistiche: ordinamento e conservazione, Roma, 1983.
Glossary of words related to general rules, in ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description, traduzione italiana pubblicata in «Rassegna degli Archivi di Stato», LXIII (2003), 1.
Lorenzo Caratti di Valtrei, Genealogy Textbook: profiles, sources and methods. Roma, 2004.

 

A B C D E F G H I K L M O P R S T V W
There are 10 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
Affinity
Genealogical and legal link between a person and any given relative of his or her spouse.
Ancestor
Any family member who lived before us.
Archival bond
Nexus that connect the documents held in an institution’s archive in a logical and necessary manner.
Archival description standard
Rules of the International Council on Archives for the General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD.G) and for the regulation of the producers (International Standard Archival Authory Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families – ISAAR-CPF-).
Archival Series
Each one of the groups of documents ordered by similar characteristics in a collection. It can also be subdivided into sub-series.
Archival unit
A generic term that identifies the minimum indivisible unit of an archival fund, which can join together several documents, or be a single documentary unit. It can be composed by a fascicle, a register, a string, a volume, etc.
Archive
1. Set of documents that have been drafted or bought by an entity (courts, central and regional government offices and bodies; regional and non regional public entities; private institutions, families and individuals) in its ordinary business activities. The files of the archive are therefore united amongst them by a necessary logical link called “archival bond”. In this definition the word “collection” is often used as synonym of “archive”. 2. Local in which an institution keeps its archive. 3. Institute in which archives of various origins are concentrated, which aims to preserve permanently the documents intended for public consultation.
Ascendants
The persons from whom a single individual descends.
Attached files
In the civil registry records, both before and after the Unification of Italy, we may find are numerous attached files next to the records. The different regulations drafted to organize the civil registry stipulate which type of attached file they belong. For any attached file after the Unification of Italy, the legal framework is the Royal Decree no. 2602 (1865). The attached files are usually certificates that were required to do a prior check before an important request. Those files certificates interesting data that aren’t always available in the file (for example, the parental permission to marry, that included the first and last name of all 4 parents and through which we can trace back our family line to the previous generations, born around the mid or late 18th century).
Availability for consultation
The degree of availability for consultation of the files kept in the State Archives is governed by the Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape (Legislative Decree no. 42 of January 22, 2004), Articles 122-127.